Residents may register to vote at any time at the Town Office. However, on Election Day, proof of residence in Randolph is required if you wish to register to vote that day. Absentee ballots are available for all elections and can be requested by telephone, mail, or in person. You may also vote absentee in person before the Town Clerk.

Persons with special needs should notify the Town Clerk in advance of any election or Town Meeting so that proper accommodations can be made.

As of 2014, the entire Town of Randolph is now part of Senate District 14 and House District 87.  
Senate District 14 includes Chelsea, Farmingdale, Gardiner, Hallowell, Manchester, Monmouth, Pittston, Readfield, West Gardiner, and Winthrop.
House District 87 also includes Pittston.

Formerly in 2004, the entire Town of Randolph was part of Senate District 21 and House District 59. 
Senate District 21 included Chelsea, Farmingdale, Gardiner, Hallowell, Litchfield, Manchester, Monmouth, Pittston, West Gardiner, and Winthrop.
House District 59 also included Gardiner.